Differences and Similarities between Prawns and Shrimps

Shrimps and prawns are both Decapod Crustaceans that live at the bottom of water beds. They can both be found in salt and freshwater; although most prawns live in freshwater, while shrimp live in sea water.

Prawns and shrimp have a thin exoskeleton and have three body segments : Head, Thorax and Abdomen.

The specific anatomy of the prawns is what separates the two. Shrimps are from the sub-order Pleocyemata while prawns belong to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata.

The gills of the prawns are different to those of the shrimp; where the the prawns gill are branching, a shrimps gills are are plate-like.

A shrimp has larger front pincers and has claws on two pairs of their legs. Prawns have the largest pincers on the second pair of legs and claws on three pairs of their legs.

Lastly, prawns release eggs into the water while shrimps brood the eggs on the underside of their body.